Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental health condition characterized by many persistent issues, like hyperactivity, impulsive behavior, and trouble paying attention.
This article details everything you need to know about ADHD — what it is, its symptoms, and how it’s diagnosed. Read on!
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a disorder that affects brain function). It often occurs in childhood but can also be diagnosed in adulthood.
People with this disorder experience higher levels of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and trouble focusing than their peers. Also, it can affect daily life and productivity, and lead to poor work/school performance, unstable relationships, and low self-esteem.
A definite cause for ADHD hasn’t been identified yet; however, scientists believe that certain factors may affect, trigger, or enhance the condition, including:
ADHD manifests in three different ways, depending on the symptoms an individual experiences.
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation:
A person who experiences this type of ADHD may fidget a lot and be talkative, interrupting others a lot or speaking inappropriately. They’d feel restless and find it hard to sit still for long, wait in line in a queue, or listen to instructions.
Predominantly Inattentive Presentation:
The individual may find it challenging to pay attention to details, follow instructions, or carry on conversations. They may get easily distracted and forget things quickly.
A person with Combined Presentation experiences symptoms of the two types of ADHD above.
NOTE: ADHD symptoms may change over time, so presentation may also change.
ADHD symptoms can be categorized into 2 types:
Many people experience symptoms that fit into both categories, but that’s not always the case. For instance, 3 of 10 people with ADHD experience difficulty concentrating but not hyperactivity/impulsiveness.
This form of ADHD (experiencing inattentiveness but not hyperactivity/impulsiveness) is also known as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). But the symptoms are less obvious, so they can sometimes go unnoticed.
ADHD symptoms differ in children and adults. Also, males and females can experience different symptoms.
The main signs of ADHD in adults may include restlessness, impulsiveness, and difficulty focusing. Some adults with ADHD experience fewer symptoms as they age, but others have significant symptoms that may interfere with daily life and productivity. These symptoms can range from mild to severe.
Typical ADHD symptoms in adults may include:
ADHD is one of the most common childhood mental disorders. Boys are three times more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls. Why?
Boys and girls are likely to display very different symptoms. Girls are more likely to show signs of inattentiveness. But boys tend to exhibit the more obvious symptoms, like hyperactivity and disruptive behavior.
Boys usually exhibit the common external symptoms people think of when they think of ADHD behavior. For instance:
On the other hand, ADHD can easily go unnoticed or be overlooked in girls because the symptoms are not the “typical” ADHD behavior. Symptoms include:
These symptoms can cause significant issues, such as social withdrawal, difficulty interacting with peers and adults, underachievement at school, and problems obeying authority.
Although ADHD doesn’t directly cause other medical conditions, people with ADHD — especially children — are more likely to have/develop:
You are most likely to develop/have ADHD if:
ADHD has been linked to many issues that can affect your daily life and productivity, like:
For a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, they must have 6 or more symptoms of inattentiveness or 6 or more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsiveness. They must also have:
For adults to be diagnosed with ADHD, their symptoms should have substantial effects on different aspects of their life, such as:
Standard treatment for ADHD involves medication, therapy, and psychological counseling. These treatments can help manage many symptoms and make the condition less of a problem in daily life, but they don’t cure it.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be treated using a combination of treatment and therapy, but it’s best to figure out what works for you.
Also, note that teachers or religious entities cannot diagnose ADHD. Only well-vetted and qualified mental health professionals like therapists associated with mytherapist.ng can diagnose and administer ADHD treatment.
And if you have any questions or need to make any clarifications, please use the comment box.